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The Festival of Raksha Bandhan - Its Meaning and Significance

The Festival of Raksha Bandhan - Its Meaning and Significance

Festival of Rakshabandhan - 2019


The festival of Raksha Bandhan celebrates the bond that is the strongest and absolutely beyond the scope of words. The bond marked by shared memories, shared childhood and the crazy times of keeping the secrets. This is the precious bond of siblings. Evidently, this special bond deserve to be celebrated and the festival of Raksha Bandhan is the testimony to this bond. The festival of Raksha Bandhan is mainly celebrated in the northern and western parts of India.


This year the festival of Raksha Bandhan is going to be celebrated on the date - August 15 - also the Independence Day of India.


Importance of Raksha Bandhan:


Raksha Bandhan is a celebration of unwavering love of siblings. The "Rakshabandhan" is composed of two words - Raksha and Bandhan - which means the bond of protection. On the day of Raksha Bandhan the brother pledges to protect his sister in every way. The tradition has it that the sister ties the "Rakhi" on the brother's wrist and undergoes the promise of protection and the brother also takes the complete responsibility of protection of his sister. According to the lore the sister fasts for his brother on the auspicious day of Raksha Bandhan and does not eat anything until she has tied the rakhi on brother's wrist.


History behind Raksha Bandhan:


Some of the most popular stories behind Raksha Bandhan are:


The most popular story is that of Rani Karnavati of Chittor and the Mughal Emperor Humayun. Rani Karnavati was the queen of Chittor who was a widow. The Sultan of Gujarat, Bahadur Shah attacked Chittor. The queen seeing the strength of the sultan's army and the impending invasion realised that it is very difficult to defend Chittor. The only way out she thought of was to send the rakhi to the Mughal Emperor Humayun. On receiving the rakhi the emperor got emotional and immediately set out to protect Chittor. Unfortunately, he couldn't reach on time and by the time he reached Rani Karnavati has performed Jauhar. The Emperor Humayun fought with Bahadur Shah and won and handed over the kingdom to Rani Karnavati's son.


The tale of King Bali and Goddess Lakshmi is exemplary of the sanctity of the festival of Rakshan Bandhan. The legend is symptomatic of the dedication that siblings can have towards each other. This legend perfectly describes the bond of brother and sister. As per the lore, the Demon King Bali, who was the grandson of Prahlada, was the true devotee of the Lord Vishnu. With the benediction of Lord Vishnu he had become absolutely invincible on the battle field and hence defeated all the devas. Ultimately, Lord Indra became worried about the growing strength of the King Bali. Seeing all this, Lord Vishnu camouflaged as Vamana came to Earth to rescue all the devas. The lore has it that Kind Bali was a generous king. Keeping this trait of his in Ming, Vamana asked King Bali for space that could be covered in three strides. King Bali, considering how long the strides of Vamana the Dwarf would be, agreed to providing the space. But the Lord Vishnu assumed his original avatar and hence his three strides covered the entire Universe. Consequently, Bali was sent to the nether land. Later, the Lord Vishnu granted the title of Indra to the King Bali and called him from the nether lands. Subsequently, the Vaikuntha became devoid of the lord and due to this Goddess Lakshmi descended on the earth in the facade of Bhramin woman. She told King Bali that her husband has gone for a long time and till then she needed a place to stay. King Bali accepted her with a open heart and protected her as his sister. Hence, this is also one of the legends of Raksha Bandhan.


Why it is not right to tie rakhi during bhadra time period?


According to the popular belief rakhi cannot be tied during the Bhadra as it is considered as inauspicious. As per the scriptures, Bhadra is the daughter of Lord Sun and the sister of Shani Dev and she is also given to anger and aggression. Therefore, it is considered inauspicious to tie rakhi during Bhadra. The folklore has it that due to the fierce nature of Bhadra, Lord Bharma placed her in karan, a major part of panchang. She is also named Vishti Karan in Panchang. According to the legend, during the Bhadra Lord Shiva performed tandav. Another lore has it that Surpankha tied Ravan a rakhi during the Bhadra period and as a result Ravan died.


The auspicious time to tie rakhi:


The Auspicious time to tie the rakhi starts from Morning 5:49 to evening 5:58.


What is lucky about the day of rakhi?


On 15th August, the constellations of Shravan, Saubhagya, Yoga, Bhava Karan, the zodiac sign of Cancer and moon are going to be in the constellation of Capricorn.


The Mantra to Chant when tying rakhi:


"Yen Badho Bali Raja Danvendro Mahabal:. Ten tawmanubadhnami rakshe ma chala ma chala"


This year there will be no Bhadrakal on Rakshabandhan. So sisters can tie a rakhi on the wrist of brothers at any time between sunrise and sunset.


Raksha Bandhan is known by many names in Rajasthan. There is a tradition of Rama Rakhi, Chuda Rakhi, Lumba Bandhan on Raksha Bandhan. Talking about ram rakhi, this rakhi different from normal Rakhi. There is a yellow splash on the red thread on the ram rakhi which is specially made to bind God. On the other hand, Chuda Rakhi also has a different significance. This rakhi is tied on the bangles of sister in law hence it is called chuda rakhi.

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