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It is a common belief in Hinduism, that man takes birth as long as he has not attained salvation or moksha. This means being born is a repetitive cycle until the salvation is achieved.
According to Britannica.com, Moksha is the concept of freedom also known as mukti, from the cycle of birth and death. It is liberation from the material world. This concept is prevalent in various religions such as Hinduism, Jainism & Buddhism.
It is a belief in Hinduisms & other religions that a man has to take birth unless salvation is achieved. Moksha Ekadashi is fast for the attainment of salvation. Fasting on Ekadashi brings wealth, respect, good health, knowledge, happiness for children, family happiness as well as the fulfillment of other desires. It is recognized that by fasting on Mokshda Ekadashi, man attains salvation i.e., liberation from birth and death. Hence, its name is Mokshada Ekadashi.
The name of 'Mokshda Ekadashi' is suggestive of the concept of Moksha. It suggests that the person who fasts on this day achieves freedom from the cycle of rebirth and death. This Ekadashi is observed all over India with gusto.
The instances related to Moksha Ekadshi are in various Hindu Puran. For instance, in the Padma Puran, LordKrishna asked Yodhister to observe the fast of Mokshda Ekadashi and pray using Tulsi Manjri, incense sticks, and lamps. Ever since, the observation of Mokshda Ekadashi vrat is observed all over India. In ancient times, Parvat Muni advised King Vaikyanas to observe the fast of Mokshda Ekadashi so that the ancestors can get salvation from the cycle of birth and death i.e. so that they can get moksha. People who fast on Mokshda Ekadashi are free of evil as well as the fast liberate their ancestors from the constant rebirths. On the day of Mokshda Ekadashi, Lord Krishna also preached in Bhagavad Geeta. Mokshada Ekadashi is also known by the name of 'Geeta Jayanti'. The Bhagavad Geeta is divided into 18 segments also provides guidance or rather direction towards moksha. On this day, people can keep a fast and stay awake at night performing devotional songs and dancing.
On the day of fasting people should wake up early, take a bath and go to temple. In the temple of Lord Vishnu, one should resolute to observe a fast. The fast of Ekadashi ends on the day of Dwadashi and one should donate food or clothes in the temple. Staying awake at night and participating in keertans or bhajans gives more auspicious results of fasting. By observing the Mokshda Ekadashi fast, the ancestors of the individual attain freedom from the continuous cycle of birth and death.
Once upon a time there was a king named King Vaikhanas in the ancient Gokul Nagar. In the kingdom of Gokul Nagar, there were four scholars who have deep knowledge of the Vedas. One night, the king dreamt that his father is suffering in the other world. The king was deeply saddened by this dream. The next day, the king talked about his dream to the Brahmins and said that he is deeply saddened by this imagery. The Vedic scholars told him that there is a sage known as Parvat who can help you in this dilemma.
The king went to the sage's hermitage where many sages were meditating in absolute silence. The king went to the sage parvat and told him his dream. The sage closed his eyes and said that your father committed a heinous crime due to which he is rotting in hell. The sage parvat advised him that he should observe the fast on the Ekadashi that falls in the Shukla paksha. The sages also said that due to the effects of this ekadashi your father will be liberated and hence, will be from the cycle of reincarnation. The king and his family, as a result, observed the fast of Ekadashi. Due to this observation of fast, the father of the king was liberated from his fate and blessed his son. Listening to the words of Muni, he fasted for Mokshada Ekadashi along with his family. The king gave the virtue of that fast to his father. Due to the effect of that punya, the king's father got liberated and he went to heaven and said to his son, O son be your welfare, he went to heaven.
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