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Makar Sakranti is one of the major festivals in Rajasthan. It is celebrated with great enthusiasm. It is also the oldest festivals that occurs on the day of equinox i.e. when the length of day and night is equal.
'Makar' in English means 'Capricorn' and the term 'Sankranti' means the movement of sun from one zodiac sign to another. Hence, the significance of Makar Sakranti astrologically is that the Sun enters the zodiac sign of Capricorn.
Sakranti is, however, celebrated all over India but is known by different names such as Uttarayan in Gujarat, Pongal in Tamil Nadu, Maghi in Punjab, Himachal Pradesh & Haryana. This year Makar Sankranti will fall on January 15, 2020.
Makar Sankranti is one of the major festivals of Hindus. This year, the festival of Makar Sankranti will be celebrated on 15 January 2020. According to religious beliefs, Makar Sankranti Yoga is formed only when the Sun transits to Capricorn. On this day, the Sun enters Capricorn.
This year on January 14, at 02.08 pm, the sun will be Uttarayan, that is, the Sun will change its course and leave Sagittarius and enter Capricorn. Makara Sakranti is celebrated in different cultural forms in almost all the states of the country on Krishna Panchami in the month of Magha.
This festival of Makar Sankranti is celebrated in different states of India in local ways. In South India, this festival is celebrated as Pongal. In North India it is called Lohri, Khichdi festival, kite festival etc. In Madhyabharata it is called Sankranti. Makar Sankranti is also known as Uttarayan, Maghi, Khichdi etc.
On the day of Makar Sankranti, special importance of charity. Astrologers say that donations made on this day are virtuous and ritualistic. On the day of Makar Sankranti, the sun rises from Dakshinayan. Uttarayan of Sun is considered very auspicious. Makar Sankranti has been described as the ladder of salvation in Sanatan Dharma. It is believed that Bhishma Pitamah attained salvation on this date. According to mythological beliefs, Lord Krishna himself has said that, the person who renounces the body on Makar Sankranti, attains salvation and is free from the cycle of life and death. With this, the sun becomes Uttarayan from Dakshinayana, due to which the Karmas cease. Kalpavas in Prayag also begins on Makar Sankranti. This day is considered a day of happiness and prosperity. Bathing in Ganga is considered as the path of salvation. On this day, due to the end of Malamas i.e. inauspicious time period according to astrologers, and the auspicious month begins, people start well with charity. This day is considered to be of happiness and prosperity.
Sesame-Jaggery Laddu: Due to very low atmospheric temperature in winter season, people are highly susceptible to illnesses, so on this day, confectionery or dishes made of Jaggery and sesame seeds are made, eaten and distributed. These contain heat-generating elements as well as beneficial nutrients for the body. Porridge is also offered on this day in North India.
This festival is also known as 'Kite Festival'. The main reason behind flying kites is to spend a few hours in sunlight. This time is of winter and in this season morning sunlight is beneficial for the body and health and skin and bones. Hence, along with celebration, health is also benefited.
If sesame is donated by mixing it with Jaggery, then the defects of the Sun and Mars cease. In many places, sesame and Jaggery are shed in running water, by doing this; you get relief from all kinds of suffering.
The use of sesame is very important in this fast. It gives relief from misfortune, poverty and many kinds of suffering. Also, feeding jaggery and grass to the red cow is also important on this day. After feeding jaggery and grass to the cow, water must be fed, by doing this, the father is happy on us and turns life into happiness.
It is said that with the donation of sesame, all kinds of defects related to Saturn, Rahu and Ketu are removed. Even if Saturn's Mahadasha is going on, the native who donates can get relief from all suffering.
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