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Krishna Janmashtami is celebrated every year in the month of August or September as per the Gregorian Calendar. The celebration is also known has Janmashtami or Gokulashtami. The festival commemorates the birth of Lord Krishna, the eighth avatar of Lord Vishnu.
Krishna Janmashtami, also known simply as Janmashtami or Gokulashtami, is the Hindu festival which is celebrated in happines of the birth of Lord Krishna, the eighth avatar of Lord Vishnu. It is observed according to the Hindu calendar, on the eighth day (Ashtami) of the Krishna Paksha (dark fortnight) in Shraavana. Yes, Bhadrapad in some parts of India. Depending on whether the calendar chooses the new moon or full moon day as the last day of the month, generally JANMASHTAMI comes in August/September of every year. The birth of Lord Krishna is celebrated with great zeal across whole nation INDIA i.e. BHARAT.
Janmashtami festival is celebrated as the birthday of Lord Krishna, which is celebrated on the Ashtami date of Krishna Paksha of Bhadrapada month after Rakshabandhan. Since, Lord Krishna was born on Bhadrapada Krishna Ashtami, it is called Krishna Janmashtami.
Shri Krishna was the 8th son of Devaki and Vasudeva. The king of the city of Mathura was Kansa, who was very tyrannical. His atrocities were increasing day by day. There legend has it that the 8th son of his sister Devaki would kill him. Hearing this, Kansa put her sister Devaki in a dungeon with her husband Vasudev. Kansa kills seven children before so when Devaki gave birth to Lord Krishna, Lord Vishnu ordered Vasudeva to bring Shri Krishna to Yashoda Mata and Nanda Baba in Gokul, where he would be safe from his maternal uncle Kansa.
Shri Krishna was raised under the supervision of Yashoda Mata and Nanda Baba. So, to celebrate this the festival of Krishna Janmashtami is celebrated every year ever since. It is an important festival for the people who follows Vaishnavism which is the other tradition of Hinduism. This festival is celebrated by all Hindus all over the world. Dance-drama enactments of the life of Krishna is performed in so many Krishna Temples. According to the Bhagavata Purana, such as Raas Leela or Krishna Leela is also being performed.
Devotional songs are being sung by devotees i.e. BHAJANS AND STUTI through the midnight when Krishna is born. “ NAND GHER ANAND BHAYO, JAY KANAIYA LAL KI” , “ JAY RANCHHOD, MAKHANCHOR” AND “ HATHI GHODA PALAKHI, JAY KANAIYA LAL KI’ is being started loudly when at midnight 12 i.e. 00.00 am on JANMASHTAMI when KRISHNA JANMOTSAV is started and celebrated. At the time of birth, Dugdhabhishekam and Panchamrutabhishekam then Holy River water i.e. SHUDDHODAK JALABHISHEKAM is being performed.
After making baby Lord Krishna ready, HE is being put in cradle. Then DIFFERENT TYPES OF PRASADAM are being distributed. Special prasadam of Lord Krishna is PANJARI. On this auspicious day, one should chant “SHREE KRUSHNA SHARANAM MAMAH” to get the blessing of Lord Krishna.
It is believed that Lord Krishna was born in an era of chaos, when evil was everywhere. There was also threat to his life by his uncle King Kansa. After Krishna's birth, his father Vasudeva took him across Yamuna to Nanda and Yashoda - his foster parents in Gokul. This legend is celebrated on Janmashtami festival.
Janmashtami is the largest festival in the Vraj region of north India - Mathura - where he was born, and in Vrindavan where is believed to have grown up. Yes, Dwaraka, where he lived his life after grown up age.
Temples are decorated and special programmes are organised in Mathura, Vrundavan and Dwaraka to celebrate Lord Krishna's birth. Devotees come from far and wide to visit the holy temples of Vrundavan and Mathura. This year JANMASHTAMI is on 11th August, 2020 on Tuesday for Hindu. For Hindu Vaishnav people and Vaishnav Temples, they may celebrate JANMASHTAMI ON 12TH August, 2020 on Wednesday.
People do fasting (upavasa), a night vigil (ratri jagaran), and a festival of PARANA on the following day are a part of the Janmashtami celebrations. It is celebrated particularly in Mathura, Vrundavan, Dwaraka and Dakor along with major Vaishnava and non-sectarian communities found in Manipur, Assam, Bihar, West Bengal, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and all other so many states of India. Since some years, ISKCON TEMPLE AND SWAMINARAYANA TEMPLES are also celebrating JANAMASHTAMI UTSAV.
Janmashtami fast of Lord Krishna is fruitful. On this day one should wake up in the morning and perform a fast ritual. Small statue of Balakrishna with the cradle is decorated with flowers, new clothes for Shree Krishna should be used as well as shringaar should be done with Chandan perfume and garland of flowers, Prasad should be of nuts and basil leaves. Panchamrit (raw milk, curd, ghee, honey) and panjiri made up for mix ghee and bad in dried coriander), etc.
First of all, anoint the ThakurJi with Panchamrit at twelve o'clock and give bath to Thakur Ji with pure water and then with curd. After this, use pure water again to wash off the curd. After this, mix honey with grounded sugar, then bathe the idol with it and pure water. After bathing, wipe Thakur Ji with a clean cloth and adorn him with yellow clothes. Decorate the idol completely and apply perfume and garland. Worship God with incense and lamp and offer bhog. Perform aarti of Shri Krishna and then sing bhajan with the whole family. Only after this, observe the fast. By doing this, the grace of Shri Krishna remains and all the sorrows disappear.
Bal Krishna Aarti is sung with camphor and offering fruits to God. Phalhari bhog includes panjiri, sighadi flour pudding, rajgire flour laddu, coconut barfi, peda, almond and grilled barfi, almond pudding, chhena rasgulla, potato chips, dal makhana, almond fry, raw banana and boiled potatoes etc. The night of Sri Krishna-Janmashtami is called Mohraratri. On this night, by meditating on Yogeshwar Shri Krishna, chanting the name or mantra, one gets enamored with the fascination of the world. Janmashtami fast is fasting. By following this method, you will achieve the great virtue that you get from many fasts today.
Worshiping Shri Krishna on this day brings children prosperity. Every wish can be fulfilled by celebrating the festival of Shri Krishna Janmashtami. Those who have weak moon, they benefit from special worship today.
On the next day of Krishna Janmashtami, Nand-Mahotsav is celebrated and is also celebrated with great enthusiasm. The offering of ghee, turmeric, curd, oil, rose water, butter, camphor, etc, are offered. Mangal Dhwani is also played. Sweets are exchanged. The birth of Lord Krishna is celebrated with great joy.
WISHING YOU ALL A VERY HAPPY KRISHNA JANMASHTAMI!!!
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