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What is the significance of Dhanteras?

What is the significance of Dhanteras?

The festival of dhanteras is celebrated with great joy and enthusiasm all over India. This day is celebrated on the day of Trayodashi of Kartik during Krishna Paksha. There is a tradition of worshipping Goddess Lakshmi and Kubera who are the gods of wealth.

Dhanteras marks the beginning of the festival of Diwali as diwali falls on the second day of dhanteras. Dhanteras also known as Dhantrayodashi is related to "Dhan" or money. On this day people investin Gold and other precious metal. Theday falls on the 13th day of Krishna Paksha in the month of Ashwin as per the vikram samvat hindu calendar.

The historical significance of the dhanteras:

Like all the other major festivals of India, there are various myths and legends surrounding Dhanteras:

Following are a few mythological stories about dhanteras that are popular:

During the epic legend of Samundra-Manthan or the Churning of the Ocean, Goddess Lakshmi along with Lord Kuber emerged out of the churned milk. Goddess Lakshmi is the goddess of wealth and money. And hence owing to this appearance of the Goddess, the festival of dhanteras is celebrated.

Another legend about the festival of dhanteras is related to the son of King Hima.

The legend has it that 4 days after his marriage, the prince was bitten by the poisonous snake. The prince was condemned to death. After the snakebite the prince was kept in a great hall where he was kept until the day of his death. When the doomed day got near, the wife of the prince gathered all the gold and other precious ornaments in the room the where the prince lay. When the yamraj came to take the prince, he could not focus and got distracted with so much gold and shine. Ultimately, the yam raj left without taking the prince, and thus prince didn?t die. the wits and intelligence of the princess saved the young prince.

Hence, it is often said that the festival of dhanteras is celebrated to commemorate the good spirits & thinking of wife. Hence, the day came to be known as the dhanteras. The day next to dhanteras came to be known as Narak Chaturdashi. The another name for Narak Chaturdashi is Yamdeepen. As the name signify, Yama is the lord of death and deepen means to lighten. Hence, to commemorate win of good over evil and to ward off any evil spirits, on the day of Yamadeepen or the Chhoti Diwali, the ladies of the home light lamps and decorate the entire house with it. Hence, the day of Yamadeepen is also known as Choti Diwali.

Another legend related to festival of dhanteras is that of the Goddess of Dhanvantri-the goddess of health. When the ocean was churned by the devatas and the asuras, the goddess of health-dhanvantri emerged out of the sea with a jar full of nectar of immortality. Dhanvantri is an avatar of Lord Vishnu. Thus, this incident led to the day being called dhanteras.  

In India, the festival of Dhanteras is celebrated with full reverence and faith on the day of Trayodashi of Kartik Krishna Paksha. Apart from Dev Dhanwantari, on this day, there is a tradition of worshiping Goddess Lakshmi and Kubera, the god of wealth. On this day, in addition to Kubera, Yamdev is also donated.

Importance of Dhanteras

  • The day of dhanteras is considered very important and has been explained in the Hindu Scriptures:
  • The word 'Dhanteras" can be bifurcated into two words - Dhan meaning wealth and teras meaning thirteen.
  • On the day of dhanteras the hindu worship goddess lakshmi-the goddess of wealth.
  • Dhanteras marks the beginning of the festival of lights i.e. diwali
  • Dhanteras falls on the thirteenth day of the kartik, in the month of Ashwin.
  • Dhanteras is considered one of the auspicious days for purchasing new things.
  • The purchase of utensils, gold, silver or any other precious things is considered auspicious.
  • Dhanteras puja is done for both goddess lakshmi and kuber (who is also a god of wealth)
  • The puja for both the Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Kuber is done together to ensure double benefits of the prayer.
  • The preparation of Diwali also start with this day of dhanteras. 

The things that should be bought on dhanteras:

  • Purchase of silver on the day of dhanteras is considered auspicious
  • Bringing silver statues of Lord Ganesha and goddess Lakshmi is considered auspicious. 
  • Buying new gifts, coins, utensils, gold and silver jewelry is considered auspicious.
  • It is believed that the path of progress opens with the purchase of brass items because it is believed that the brass is the metal of goddess dhanvantri. 

Dhanteras Puja & Muhurata:

Chaughadiya Muhurata: 25th October, 2019 ? Friday

Shubh Kaal Muhurata ? 12:10 to 13:34

Char Kaal Muhurata - 16:21 to 17:44

Labh Kaal Muhurata - 21:00 to 22:34

Saaykaal Muhurata ? Pradosh Kaal ? 17:38 to 20:13

The 2 hours and 24 minutes after sunset is known as pradosh kaal. It is considered auspicious to conduct pooja for goddess Lakshmi.

The auspicious time during pradosh kaal 17:38 ? 20:13

Sthir Lagna ? 18:49 to 20:45

The auspicious time for the dhanteras muhurat is 19:08 to 20:13

Worshiping during the above time in time increases the benefits of the Dhanteras pooja. This brings wealth, health and age.


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