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Devshayani ekadashi is described in Brahma Vaivarta Purana. It is said that if one wants to start ekadashi vrata, they should start from this ekadashi. Devshayani ekadashi is considered very auspicious and it comes on eleventh day of ashadha shukla paksha which is celebrated for shree lakshmipati or Lord Vishnu. Devshayani Ekadashi is also known as Ashadha shukla ekadashi.
Lord vishnu choose to go to a long sleep is considered as yoga-nidra. Lord vishnu sleeps in khir-sagar (milky ocean) and wakes up on Dev Shayani Ekadashi after four months. So this ekadashi has a very good significance. Chaturmas starts from this ekadashi. So ekadashi and chaturmas both have great significance.
According to holy texts in hindu religious scriptures, the concept of devshayani ekadashi is related to lord vishnu’s vaamana avatar. The legend has it that on lord indra’s request, lord vishnu’s vaamana avatar went to king mahabali and asked for ‘bheeksha’ or alms. Vaamana demanded land measuring in his three steps.
In first step, he measured the entire earth, in second step, he took over the sky and when nothing was left, mahabali offered his head as a piece of land for vaamana’s third step. Happy with his deeds, vaamana asked mahabali for a boon. The king asked Lord Vishnu to stay with him in ‘paatal’.
All gods and goddesses got worried. To save Lord Vishnu from going to ‘paatal’, his wife Goddess Lakshmi changed into a poor woman, went to Mahabali, and tied rakhi on his hand. When the king asked Goddess Lakshmi what she wants, she replied that she wants Lord Vishnu back. But to honour his word, lord vishnu told mahabali that he will stay in ‘paatal’ for four months. This stay of lord vishnu is known as ‘yog nidra’.
So on this ekadashi, one must worship Lord Vishnu and Mahalakshmi Mata. Chaturmas means four months i.e. ashadha, shravana (savan), bhadarva (bhado) and aso (ashwin). Kartik shukla ekadashi is called devuthni ekadashi. Means in these four months, no auspicious work can be done such as marriage, graham pravesh, etc.
Let us understand reason behind it. In the days of chaturmas, one may feel the impression of divine power who follows the path of satkarma. So many saints explain that everyone must engage with devotion for prayers. Our saints have connected every vrat with science. Because the changing weather in these four months i.e. chaturmas, reduces immunity in the body. For immunity boost up and creating positivity, one must start fasting during these months. As we know, so many saints stay at some special places and they don’t move out within four months. They worship god and do fasting. Some saints start guiding people by their updesham (katha).
This year Devshayani ekadashi is on July 1, 2020. Chaturmas starts from the day of Devshayani Ekadashi. This year chaturmas is for five months as of Adhik Maas is added. Adhik Maas is called Purushottam Maas also. In 2020, Adhik Maas is in Ashwin Maas means there would be two Ashwin Maas. Adhik Ashwin and Neej Ashwin. More religious rituals are performed in Adhik Maas. So chaturmas period will be from July 1, 2020 to November 25, 2020.
Happy Devshayani Ekadashi and Happy Chaturmas to All!
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