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Hindu Festival of Dev Uthani Ekadashi is celebrated every year. This Ekadashi is related to Lord Vishnu. Dev Uthani Ekadashi falls twice every month and is observed by people of Hindu religion. Dev uthani Ekadashi is celebrated in the kartik month as per Hindu calendar. Kartik Shukla Ekadashi is also celebrated in the name of Devuthan or Prabodhini Ekadashi. The date on which the Dev Uthani Ekadashi will be observed is 8 November 2019.
Ekadashi of Shukla Paksha of Kartik month is known as Devuthan or Prabodhini Ekadashi. Prabodhini is the Sanskrit word meaning ‘to awaken’. Hence, the literal meaning of Prabodhini or Dev uthani ekadashi is to wake the dev or the lord. In this case, Lord Vishnu. Lord Vishnu is worshipped on this day and it is celebrated with great gusto in Pushkar.
It is believed in the scriptures of Hindusim, that the Lord Vishnu had very intermittent sleeping pattern i.e. sometimes he remained awake for days on end or fell asleep for days on end. Due to this tendency, Lord Vishnu, asuras once stole the Vedas – which are considered the source of all knowledge in Hinduism. Lord Vishnu was so tired after this fight that he slept for months on end. So, dev uthani Ekadashi is observed to celebrate the awakening of Lord Vishnu from the deep sleep.
Chaturmas begins with Devshayani Ekadashi. Saavan Bhadrapada is considered the most important of the four Maha Sanatan Dharmas of Ashwin and Kartik and it necessary to stay in one place during the days of Chaturmas. These days, saints stay in one city or towns and preach. Many religious programs also take place during these four months. The Chaturmas are ending on 8 November 2019 on Devauthani Ekadashi.
Chaturmaas is a period of 4 months when all the devas are asleep. During this period, people perform activities or ablutions as a mark of penance and fast for months and avoid of their favorite meal as a payment of their ill deeds. Since chaturmaas is also a time of the rainy season and it also starts from Dev Shayani Ekadashi when all the devas are asleep, so any kind of celebratory and auspicious functions are forbidden during the chaturmas because it is believed that the blessings of God should be taken before conducting any auspicious work. Since, the chaturmas starts from dev shayani Ekadashi, all the lords or the devas are asleep during this time.
The Ekadashi of Shukla Paksha i.e. the Ekadashi that comes after Diwali, is called Devotthan Ekadashi, Devauthani Gyaras or Prabodhini Ekadashi. After Devshayani Ekadashi, Lord Shree Hari i.e. Lord Vishnu sleeps for four months in Ashadh, Shukla Paksha Ekadashi. The day that he falls asleep is called Devshayani Ekadashi and the day he wakes up from sleep is called Devotthan Ekadashi. It is also called Dev Uthni and Prabodhini Ekadashi.
Lord Vishnu and other deities also go to sleep in Shirsagar and that's why during these days, only prayers are observed and donations are made. Any kind of celebration, for example, marriage, Mundan Sanskar, child naming ceremony, home inauguration, etc. are not done.
All these works begin on the Devauthani Ekadashi or Prabodhini Ekadashi. Tulsi marriages are organized in many places on this day, as well as marriages are performed on this day in all castes across the country, which is called Marriage Abuja Vivah.
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