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The festival of Navaratri holds a great significance in the indian culture. This festival is symbolic of victory of good over evil. This nine days festivals ends with the festival of Dussehra on the 10th day. The festival of navratri is commemorates the eternal power of the Goddess Durga who is also worshiped in various forms throughout the navaratri.
The story of Navratri:
The most well known story of Chaitra Navratri is of epic battle between Goddess Durga & Mahishasura. The story of Navratri is as follows:
Mahishasura was a buffalo-headed king. He was also a strict worshipper of lord Brahma. Seeing his continuous devotion, Lord Brahma granted him a wish. Mahishasura asked for immortality such that no man or animal could kill him. Lord Brahma granted him that wish but also said that a woman can kill him.
Mahishasura drunk on the power of immortality believed that there is no woman who can kill him. One day Mahishasura attacked trilok. After the war waged between the mahishasura and the gods but due to the boon of Lord Brahma, no one was able to defeat him. After being defeated by Mahishasura, all the gods marched to Lord Vishnu and told the problem to him. After consideration he created a female avatar to defeat Mahishasura. The war between Mahishasura and the goddess durga waged for 15 days and finally Goddess durga stabbed him and killed him.
The festival of navratri is chiefly celebrated to commemorate the victory of good over evil.
Navaratri is celebrated from Pratipada of Shukla Paksha to Navami. Chaitra Navaratri is also called Maha Navratri or Shardiya Navratri. Dussehra is celebrated on the tenth day of Navratri, with great pomp and show.
There are 9 forms of Goddess Durga that are worshipped during Navratri:
1. Maa Shailputri: On the first day of navratri goddess shailputri is worshipped.
2. Maa Brahmacharini: On the second day of Navratri Goddess Brahmacharini is worshipped.
3. Maa Chandraghanta: On the third day of Navratri, Goddess Chandraghanta is worshipped.
4. Maa Kushmanda: On the fourth day of Navratri, Goddess Kushmanda is worshipped.
5. Maa Skanda Mata: On the fifth day of Navratri, Goddess Skanda Mata is worshipped.
6. Maa Katyayani: On the sixth day of Navratri, Goddess Katyayani is worshipped.
7. Maa Kalratri: On the seventh day of Navratri, Goddess Kalratri is worshipped.
8. Maa Mahagauri: On the eighth day of Navratri, Goddess Mahagauri is worshipped.
9. Maa Siddhidatri: On the ninth day of Navratri, Goddess Siddhidatri is worshipped.
Celebration of Navratri:
The Chaitra Navratri is observed all over India. During Navratri, people worship Goddess Durga & fast for 9 days. It is believed that it is the most auspicious time of the year and all the problems will be solved.
Apart from this, worshiping the mother in these Navratri also leads to attainment of siddhis. Chanting, tapasya and havan performed in the Chaitra Navratri provides special benefits. Navami or tenth worship is performed after fasting for nine days.
On the day of Dashami, Dussehra or Vijayadashmi is celebrated with great gusto. According to the scriptures, Navratri is 4 times Tirta which consists of two Gupta Navratri and two times Navratri in which special importance is given to Chaitra and Navratri of Ashwin month.
The nine days of Navratri are considered very sacred. These days meat, alcohol, onion, garlic, etc., are consumed by dieting and consuming sattvic food.
Vijayadashami / Dussehra
After the 9 days of Navratri, the festival of Dussehra is celebrated on the 10th day. Dussehra also known as Vijayadashami is celebrated with gusto to commemorate the win of Lord rama over the demon king of Lanka-Ravana.
According to Hindu scriptures, on the day of Dussehra, Maa Durga killed Mahishasura and Lord Rama also killed King Ravana of Lanka. In India, this festival is celebrated in the name of Durga Puja, Dussehra and Vijayadashami.
Dussehra is one of the major festivals of India and celebrates the victory of good over evil.
On the day of Dussehra, Kshatriyas, who are the warriors and the soldiers, worship their weapons. This pooja is known as ?Shastra Pujan?.
During the ancient times, ?shastra poojan? was the main form of pooja on dussehra.
On the day of Dussehra, Brahmins worship Maa Saraswati on this day whereas Vaishyas worship their ledger books. It is widely believed that Maa Jagdamba should be worshipped on this day to ward off evil. It is also said that those who worship Maa Jagdamba on this day wins over their enemies.
Celebration of Dussehra:
On this day, ramleela is organized all around india. In Ramleela, effigy of the demon king of Lanka-Ravana is burned commemorating the win of good over evil.
The atmosphere echoes with bright lights and the noise of firecrackers everywhere. Children and everyone else watch Ramlila. In this way, Dussehra comes every year and fills devotion among people.
Through the festivals, people remove their boredom and generate new enthusiasm to work within themselves.
The customs and tradition of celebrating Dussehra is different in many parts of the India. In many places it is celebrated for a full ten days, mantras and stories of Ramayana are recited by the temple priests in front of a large crowd of devotees, and in many places Ram Leela is held for 7 days or months.
Chaitra Navratri is starting from 29th September and will end on October 8, 2019.
29th September - Navratri Sthapana
6th October ? Durga Ashtami
7th October - Durga Navami
8th October ? Durga Puja & Dussehra
Best time for Navratri Sthapana: From 6:23 a.m. to 10:23 a.m.
Abhijeet Kaal: From 11:54 a.m. to 12:41 p.m
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